Also known as Midwinter, The Longest Night, Shortest Day, or Yule.
Since prehistory, the winter solstice has been seen as a significant time of year in many cultures, and has been marked by festivals and rituals. It marked the symbolic death and rebirth of the Sun. The seasonal significance of the winter solstice is in the reversal of the gradual lengthening of nights and shortening of days.
Solstice is derived from the Latin words sol (Sun) and sistere (to stand still).